Bentham’s massive, unfinished Code (1822–32) is the major rete di emittenti of his last years and contains the most important statement of the theory of constitutional democracy which emerges after his well-known `conversion’ sicuro political radicalism sopra 1809–10. He develops here sopra a final form the theory and institutions of an ideal representative democracy addressed preciso `all nations and all governments professing liberal opinions’. This first tomo, based on the only libro Bentham himself published, covers chapters I-IX on the electorate, legislature, additif minister, and administration.
The works presented sopra this registro superiorita con fascinating detail Bentham’s dealings with such eminent figures as James Madison, John Quincy Adams, Emperor Alexander I, Prince Adam Czartoryski, Alexander Mavrokordatos, Bernadino Rivadavia, and Jose del Avvallamento
Per critical edition of three of Bentham’s works, Deontology and The largefriends Article on Utilitarianism previously unpublished. Together with his An Introduction sicuro the Principles of Morals and Legislation, they provide per comprehensive picture of Bentham’s psychological and ethical views. This edition, based entirely on manuscripts written by Bentham of by his amanuenses, is equipped with verso full introduction linking the three works. Each rete di emittenti is accompanied by detailed critical and explanatory libretto.
The four essays by Jeremy Bentham assembled mediante this testo date from the spring and summer of 1822 and are based exclusively on manuscripts, many of which have never before been published. Durante the essays `Economy as Applied puro Office’, `Identification of Interests’, `Supreme Operative’, and `Constitutional Code Rationale’, Bentham develops the general principles of constitutional law and government which underpin the detailed administrative provisions servizio out sopra Constitutional Code . Mediante adjonction, original and penetrating discussions of such topics as sovereignty, constitutional rule, democratic and monarchical government, public finance, the aptitude and powers of officials, corruption, the influence of public opinion, and the delusive effect of religion and titles of honour, affirm Bentham’s situazione as per political theorist of the first rank.
The present elenco contains three essays, ‘Of Sexual Irregularities’, ‘Sextus’, and ‘General Intenzione of Not Paul, but Jesus’, written sopra the mid-1810s but never before been published mediante authoritative form
Bentham’s central concern during the 1810s and 1820s was with the codification of the law. Rejecting both the common law and the historical approach sicuro codification, he argued that a code of law should be based on verso rigorous logical analysis of the categories of human action, and that each enactment should be followed by the reasons which justified it. Such an `all-comprehensive’ code containing an `interwoven rationale’ would signal a new evo in legislation. Once one state had adopted such verso code, other states would be obliged sicuro follow its example, and Bentham would become sopra effect ‘legislator of the world’. Bentham attempted sicuro persuade legislative authorities mediante the United States of America, Russia, Spain, Portugal, Greece, South and Central America, and elsewhere, puro invite him onesto draft per code of law for them. The production of per methodology for codification ranks as one of Bentham’s outstanding theoretical achievements. Through the materials presented durante this testo he emerges as a seminal figure in the development of liberalism throughout Europe and America per the early nineteenth century.
Bentham presents the utilitarian case for sexual liberty on the grounds that the gratification of the sexual appetite constituted the purest form of pleasure, sopra opposition sicuro the traditional Christian view that the only morally affermisse form of sexual activity was between one man and one woman, within the confines of offers classical Greece and Rome, where indivisible dolore same-sex relationships were regarded as normal, as alternative models of sexual morality, condemns the hostile portrayal of homosexuals durante eighteenth-century literature, and calls for the removal of sanctions, whether imposed by religion, law, or public opinion, from all forms of consensual sexual activity, at least con so far as practised durante private. Bentham was, moreover, persuaded by Malthus’s argument that population growth tended sicuro outstrip food supply. Per these circumstances, non-procreative sexual activity had the additional benefit of not contributing esatto an increase con the size of the population. In the course of his discussion, Bentham expresses forthright views on various aspects of sexuality.